What is Modern Slavery?
Modern slavery takes many forms, from trafficking and coercing victims into prostitution to forced labour in many different sectors (farms, fisheries, nail bars, car washes, construction) to forced domestic labour to forced and child marriage to forced begging and benefit fraud.
The UK was the first jurisdiction to bring together all these into a single offence through the Modern Slavery Act 2015.
Statistics and the fight against Modern Slavery
As part of the strategy leading to the Modern Slavery Act, I used Multiple Systems Estimation to estimate the number of victims in the UK, arriving at a confidence interval, under certain assumptions, of 10,000 to 13,000 victims. My original Home Office research report is available here.